Based on a research conducted by TIOBE and PYPL; here is a list of the top 10 most popular programming languages in 2018. PYPL used raw data from Google Trends to calculate these rankings. It is based on the number of search for a certain language thus, programming with more number of searches will be assumed to be popular.
According to TIOBE, Java still remains to be the most popular programming language which is then followed By C and C++. According to PYPL, Python continued to take the lead while other languages such as PHP, C#, and Ruby have decreased in its popularity.
10 Most Popular Programming Languages in 2018
It’s one of the most popular, general purpose and most adopted programming language used by hundreds and millions of developers including billions of devices worldwide. Java is class-based, object-oriented programming language and its designed to be portable thus can be used on all platforms, devices and operating systems.
Use of Java: for building desktops apps, android apps, and video games. In addition, commonly used by developers as a server-side language that is; for enterprise-level backend development.
Python is one of the high-level programming languages widely used for general-purpose programs. This language is simple and readable though it’s the easiest coding-language to learn for the beginners. It’s essential for any beginner to learn this language so as to become a seasoned professional. Python can be also used for complex programming tasks such as AI and machine learning.
C was developed by Dennis Ritchie in 1972 for it to be used in the UNIX operating system. It’s the predecessor of C++. It is procedural language based on functions and structures. Initially, it was used as a programming language for systems but it has proven that it’s a powerful and flexible programming language which can be used in numerous applications such as from business programs.
It is a general-purpose scripting language based on C. C++ has objective-oriented, imperative and generic programming features.
Use: A powerful and high-performance language used in building desktops apps, web apps, systems’ software and game engines.
It’s a server-side scripting language that is mainly used for web applications. Today, more than 80% of websites use PHP including Wikipedia, WordPress, Facebook, and Tumblr. Apart from its popularity, it is also easy to use and offers various advanced features for experienced programmers.
Use: to create websites and games especially for the web and works as the foundation of Node.js: a server-technology that enables real-time communication.
Ruby is a reflective, dynamic, object-oriented as well as general purpose scripting language. It supports numerous programming paradigms such as object and functional oriented and imperative. It’s widely popular because of its web framework, Rails.
8. C# (C Sharp)
C# is a simple, modern, general-purpose, object-oriented programming language developed by Microsoft within its .NET initiative led by Anders Hejlsberg. It is designed for Common Language Infrastructure, which consists of the executable code and runtime environment that allows the use of various high-level languages on different computer platforms and architectures.
Swift is the successor of Objective-C. It is slightly clean, fast as well as an error-free programming language and can reduce the code’s length, save time and energy. it was built by Apple.
Use: Building applications for macOS, Ios, tvOS, and watchOS. In addition, since is open source, it can also be used on Linux or Window system that compliers and apps are all compatible with Apple devices.
it’s an open-source programming language. R is majorly used in software environment for both statistical computing and graphics. You can use R to conduct numerical computations through additional-packages.
Uses: Used by data miners and statisticians to develop statistical software as well as for data analysis.
The ranking is based on the popularity of languages on the internet, including Google search, GitHub and various online community websites where users talk about programming languages. However, it’s not a survey of most used or useful programming languages.