Like Apple’s iOS and Microsoft’s Windows, Linux is an operating system that allows communication between hardware and software. Being an open-licensed system, it’s developer-friendly, which means you can distribute your modified version and give others access. You may not know this, but Linux is more widespread than other operating systems. You will find it in cars, televisions, and mobile phones, and it is responsible for running most of the World Wide Web.
To know more about this operating system, here are the pros and cons of Linux programming.
Advantage: Open-Source Nature
One of the good things about Linux is that it’s an open-source operating system, which can be beneficial for those who code and need to make changes according to how their computer works. Unlike Mac or Windows, Linux is free to use, making it an excellent alternative for those on a budget and searching for a computer programming language to adapt to their needs.
As an open-source operating system, anyone can study, run, modify, and redistribute the source code of Linux. You can also sell copies of the codes you modify. But be sure you do it under the same license. As one of the world’s biggest open-source software, Linux has a vast community of users, from hobbyist programmers to professional developers. These users contribute to the Linux kernel by adding features, searching for bugs and fixing them, identifying security flaws, providing new ideas, live patching, and sharing their contributions to the community.
One of the advantages of using open-source operating systems like Linux is their cost-effectiveness. They are generally more cost-effective compared to a proprietary system. Aside from being inexpensive, Linux allows enterprises to start small before scaling. It can be a good option for startups and small companies that are often budget-challenged. Thus, it just makes financial sense to use open-source systems like Linux.
Advantage: Great Stability and Reliability
Linux is renowned for its stability and reliability. These are some of its biggest strengths. It can handle vast workloads and be left to run for extended periods without rebooting, thanks to its ability to efficiently manage system resources and simultaneously handle multiple processes.
The stability and reliability of Linux make it a popular option for those working on critical systems, such as supercomputers and servers. Several organizations use Linux for various services, including big tech companies like Amazon and Google. In addition, its ability to manage heavy workloads and uptime is crucial in server environments where downtime can result in devastating consequences.
Many supercomputers used for complex engineering and scientific applications rely on Linux since it is stable and reliable. Supercomputers require high-performing and robust operating systems to manage massive data processing. Thus, stability and reliability can be the biggest advantages of Linux.
Disadvantage: Can be Difficult to Adapt
Linux operating systems offer an abundance of professional opportunities, making a career as a Linux developer a springboard to a variety of job openings. When searching for jobs in Linux, note that they can vary from one place to another. Nevertheless, working in this role can have many advantages, including the freedom to develop new programs and improve existing systems.
But before you pursue a career in Linux, you need to be aware of some of its disadvantages. One of these is that it can be hard to adapt. The steep learning curve means it is not easy to get to grips with while starting your career in this field. It can take a while to learn Linux if you are used to working with other operating systems that are not open source. The user experience is different in Linux, so you need plenty of time to get familiar with the system, which can lead to frustration.
Linux was not created for regular users. While the operating platform is reliable, highly functional, stable, and secure, it can be complicated for common users to navigate since there are plenty of distributions. In addition, it is not compatible with all design software and operating systems. Also, it does not have an interactive graphical user interface. However, it’s a popular option among developers and programmers.
Disadvantage: Lots of Games aren’t Supported by Linux
One of the disadvantages of Linux is that it doesn’t support many games. Since most computer users have Apple OS or Windows, game developers develop games to suit these operating systems. Linux does not support many popular games, which is why it is not favoured among younger users, who mostly play computer games.
It is important to note that, while Linux is accessible for gaming, it is not widely used in this capacity. When attempting to play games on Linux, many users have found issues with performance and limited game libraries to be their principal challenges. These flaws frequently lead to a less-than-ideal gaming experience on the platform.
While Linux has many benefits, it is far from the perfect platform for gaming. Among the available gaming operating systems, Linux is frequently regarded as the least-suited option. While some may argue that the reason is that there are not enough people using it in the gaming community, the reality is that the Linux community may be preventing progress simply because they do not like closed-source software.
Advantage: It is Secure
Compared to other operating systems, Linux is more secure. In Windows, you must create an administrator account, giving you full access to perform whatever you want using the “run as administrator” option. On the other hand, Linux doesn’t allow permissions by default. While it will let you use your home directly, you must provide a root password whenever you need to perform a system-level operation.
Despite its open-source nature, Linux is maintained by highly skilled individuals, resulting in robust security features. Those maintaining the platform use a process-oriented and engineered process to keep it safe. Subsystem maintainers maintain the entire source code of Linux, which thoroughly reviews every single change. As a result, it is also secure by design.
The updates also make Linux more secure. In Windows, automatic updates will only be available for the system, and Microsoft software developers are generally responsible for implementing updates. But Linux makes it easy to get updates and security patches for applications using only one or two commands.