5 Challenges in Cloud Security Posture Management With Solutions

Cloud security posture management (CSPM) is a critical process for organizations to ensure the security of their cloud infrastructure. Automated third-party CSPM solutions leverage machine learning and artificial intelligence to analyze cloud configurations, policies, and permissions.  

However, CSPM has challenges that organizations must overcome to maintain a secure cloud environment. Based on the question “What is CSPM?”; this article explores and offers solutions to significant challenges in CSPM and provides insights into practical strategies for organizations to overcome them.

Lack of Visibility into Cloud Environments

One of the biggest challenges in CSPM is the need for more visibility into cloud environments. The lack of visibility into cloud environments refers to an organization’s limited or inadequate understanding and awareness regarding their cloud infrastructure’s components, configurations, and activities. Organizations need help to gain comprehensive insights into their cloud environments, including the services, resources, data, user activities, and security controls implemented.

This lack of visibility can arise due to various factors, including the complexity and dynamic nature of cloud environments. Organizations may struggle to maintain a complete and up-to-date view of their cloud environments with multiple cloud service providers, various cloud services and configurations, distributed infrastructure, and frequent changes.

The consequences of this lack of visibility can be significant, and it hampers an organization’s ability to monitor, manage, and secure its cloud infrastructure effectively.


Organizations should implement cloud security tools to overcome this challenge, providing real-time visibility into their cloud environments. Cloud security tools such as security information and event management and access security brokers can provide organizations with visibility into their cloud environments, including user activity, network traffic, and security events.

Inconsistent Security Controls Across Cloud Environments

Organizations may have multiple cloud environments, such as public, private, and hybrid clouds, each with different security controls. Inconsistent security controls across cloud environments can create security gaps and vulnerabilities.


Organizations should implement a consistent security framework across all cloud environments to overcome this challenge. This includes using a single security policy and implementing security controls that align with the organization’s overall security strategy. Automation tools such as security orchestration, automation, and response can help ensure consistent security controls across multiple cloud environments.

Managing Third-Party Cloud Providers

Many organizations use third-party cloud providers to host their cloud infrastructure. However, managing third-party cloud providers can be challenging, as organizations may need more visibility into their cloud environment and security controls.


Before choosing a third-party cloud provider to overcome this challenge, due diligence should be conducted. This includes assessing the provider’s security controls and certifications, such as SOC 2, ISO 27001, and HIPAA. Organizations should also establish service-level agreements defining security responsibilities and third-party cloud provider requirements.

Keeping Up with Cloud Security Threats

Keeping up with cloud security threats refers to organizations’ challenges in staying abreast of the evolving and sophisticated threats targeting cloud environments. As the cloud continues to gain prominence, malicious actors increasingly focus on exploiting vulnerabilities and weaknesses unique to cloud infrastructures.

Cloud security threats encompass a range of risks that can impact the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data and services hosted in the cloud.


Organizations should adopt a comprehensive continuous security monitoring strategy incorporating real-time threat detection and response. This approach involves utilizing various tools and practices to identify and mitigate security risks proactively.

Lack of Cloud Security Expertise

Organizations may need more cloud security expertise to effectively manage their cloud security posture, which can create security gaps and increase the risk of security incidents.


Organizations can significantly benefit from investing in cloud security training and education for their IT and security teams to overcome this challenge. By providing comprehensive training on various aspects of cloud security, organizations can equip their teams with the necessary knowledge and skills to mitigate risks effectively.


CSPM is essential for maintaining a secure cloud environment but comes with challenges. Organizations must overcome these challenges to ensure the security of their cloud infrastructure. By implementing a consistent security framework, conducting due diligence when choosing third-party cloud providers, staying up to date with cloud security threats, and investing in cloud security expertise, organizations can overcome the challenges in CSPM and maintain a secure cloud environment.