Ransomware: What is it, How It Works and How to Remove It?

Every day, there are more ransomware attacks. Only the first half of 2019 saw an increase in these attacks of 118%, according to McAfee’s cybersecurity specialists.

Hackers, on the other hand, show no regard for who they attack. According to McAfee, this danger affects a wide range of organizations, including governments, corporations, hospitals, and even people.

A ransomware attack is what it sounds like. What steps can you take to avoid this? If this happens to you, what should you do? Learn all you need to know about this major issue, as well as tips on how to be secure when using the internet, by reading the information provided below.

What Is Ransomware and How Does It Work?

Ransomware is a type of virus that encrypts data and prevents users from accessing them until they pay a ransom to get the code to unlock them.

Major attacks on municipal governments throughout the world are becoming more common in the media these days. Because cities and towns don’t have the same strict security standards as major businesses or the federal government, they are more susceptible to attacks.

However, this does not rule out the possibility that they possess rich resources that would make them an attractive target for hackers. A city or town’s infrastructure includes everything from lighting and power to vital networks.

Baltimore’s city officials discovered this the hard way when they originally refused to pay hackers $75,000 for the file access code. Baltimore finally gave up after a long battle and ended up paying $6 million as a result.

As an illustration, let’s look at another. Scammers, on the other hand, don’t just stop there. As a result of Jigsaw malware’s creation in 2016, ransomware assaults become more personal. Users’ files would be encrypted until they paid the ransom after clicking on bogus Dropbox or Firefox links.

However, Jigsaw included a timer that began destroying data when a specified amount of time had passed. This was quite annoying. If you’re curious about what occurs after your computer is infected with Jigsaw ransomware, check out this video.

What Can You Do to Avoid Being a Victim of Ransomware?

  • Avoiding a ransomware attack is the best course of action. You need to learn “safe clicking” because they typically originate with harmful URLs and files. As a result, before clicking on any link or file, be sure to analyze it for viruses or other harmful components. In the same way, scan all files for viruses before you save them.
  • Individuals are frequently the targets of hackers who trace their IP addresses. As a result, utilizing a VPN can help protect you against ransomware and other types of cyber-attacks. What exactly is a virtual private network (VPN)? A VPN, or virtual private network, encrypts your network connection while also masking your true IP address. It greatly enhances the privacy and security of your online activities. It’s not only good at thwarting hackers; it also works well against other types of privacy invaders, such as inquisitive ISPs and intrusive advertising.
  • Finally, it’s critical to have a variety of backups. Encrypted backups ensure that even if your system is breached, you will still be able to access all of your important information.

How Do you Get Rid of Ransomware?

  • As soon as a device has been infected, you’ll know about it. Rather than relying on deceit, cybercriminals want you to know an attack has happened so they can get you to pay and do so as fast as possible. Because of this, you will be unable to use or access critical system resources.
  • Refrain from rewarding cybercriminals by purchasing their services. If they’re not demanding much, it may seem like the easiest way, but there’s never a guarantee they’ll let you access your data again. To pay is to finance current criminal behavior, and that is not something you should do.
  • Instead, turn off your internet and computer as soon as possible. Remote access to your computer is essential for ransomware to succeed. Change all account passwords at the same time, particularly those kept on a separate safety device such as a computer.
  • To find and remove malware, run a virus scan on your computer. If you’re successful, you’ll be able to use a fresh backup to restore any stolen data.
  • Try reinstalling your operating system and restoring your files from a previous backup if everything else fails. Lastly, perform virus scans to ensure that no malicious files are still lurking on your computer.
  • You should consult an IT specialist as soon as you have any questions throughout the installation procedure. Using a professional is preferable to running the risk of the virus remaining on your machine.