Most Useful Programming Languages for Ethical Hacking

In our previous article, Charu has mentioned Why programming is the most important skill for a hacker. If you are a beginner, you must be confused about “which programming languages are useful for hacking”. There are many useful programming languages for hacking but it’s not possible to master all of them. So in this article, let’s talk about the most useful programming languages for Hacking.

First of all, I would like to tell you one thing that hacking involves a lot of ways.

Most Useful Programming Languages for Hacking

  1. Assembly Language

Purpose: Reverse Engineering

Let’s begin with low-level programming. Assembly Language is complicated to understand but it is very useful for hackers who want to perform reverse engineering on certain applications. Assembly language is used for instructing any hardware or software directly that is why it’s best for reverse Engineering.

2. Python

Purpose: Create Exploits

Python is the best high-level language for writing exploits. Python Socket Programming helps a lot in learning exploit creation. There are many more advantages, we have mentioned in our article: Why Python Programming Language is very useful for Hackers?

3. C or C++

Purpose: Create Exploits

C language is the base of all high-level programming languages. The whole UNIX operating system is developed using C programming. C++ brings all the modern object-oriented concepts C programming. You must understand any of these two languages to understand exploit writing. Here is the difference between these two. C vs C++:  Which Programming language is better?

4. PHP

Purpose: Web hacking and pentesting

PHP is one of the best dynamic web scripting languages. It is the server-side scripting language that can be used to write exploits for the web servers and the web applications. You also require the knowledge of HTML along with PHP.

5. Javascript

Purpose: Web hacking and pentesting

Javascript is the great language for client-side programming on websites and applications. Recently, it has become very popular and also dominating server sided programming with the node.js framework. Understanding JavaScript code logic can help you find the web-apps flaw.

6. SQL

Purpose: Database Hacking

SQL is used to communicate with the database server. Each and every data is stored in the database so you should know about database programming and vulnerability as it is the most sensitive part of Web.

4 thoughts on “Most Useful Programming Languages for Ethical Hacking”

  1. But there are different preferred languages according to different categories of hacking :

    HTML: Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the basics for creating web pages and other information that can be displayed in a web browser.

    PHP and SQL: Most number of web applications are written in these languages .

    JAVASCRIPT:: It helps to understand the fundamentals of Cross site Scripting.

    Exploit Writing
    Python: It’s knowledge helps to understand the core for creating exploits and tools. Mastering Python also provides wider flexibility and can be used in many places.

    C & C++: Majority of exploits on web are written in C & C++ .It will also help you to understand about Buffer overflows, Stack overflow etc – so learning C and C ++ is a must for every Hacker/Pentester.

    Assembly: It helps them in reverse engineering and softwares and for a better understanding on Shell codes.

    Ruby : A simple but complicated object-oriented programming language. Ruby is very useful in exploit writing. It is used for meterpreter scripting and do you know Metasploit Framework itself programmed in Ruby.


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