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Data Transfer Project – An Open Source Initiative For Data Portability

Open Source Data Transfer Project

Data Transfer Project (DTP) works to improve data portability by allowing users to transfer data and files directly from one online service provider to another. Introduced by Google, Facebook, Microsoft, and Twitter, it is an open source initiative that encourages participation of as many service providers as possible. Once fully implemented, DTP will reduce the infrastructure burden of both users and service providers and increase the number of service providers offering portability.

How does Data Transfer Project work?

Data Transfer Project is made up of three components:

1. Data Models:

These are the canonical format that has been put in place to bring a common understanding of how the data transfer should be done. It provides methods of converting data from different service providers to forms that are usable by the system. Data should be in the right model when being transferred between different companies. Each service provider should adopt interoperable APIs to allow data to flow smoothly between service providers.

Data models are categorized into industry groupings, which form a vertical hierarchy. The groupings are based on the type of data to be transferred. This data can be photos, contacts, emails or music. Each grouping has its own Data model that helps to enable seamless data transfer of the relevant file.

working of data transfer project
Image Source: Data Transfer Project White Paper

2. Company-specific adapters:

Company-specific adapters are classified into two; Authentication Adapters and Data Adapters. Company-specific adapters are implemented outside service providers’ core infrastructure but can be developed by the provider himself or third party that works to enable data transfer from one provider to another.

Data adapters translate service provider’s API into Data Models used by DTP. They include exporter that translate provider’s API into the Data Model and importer that translate data model to provider’s API.

Authentication Adapters are the piece of code designed to enable the consumer to transfer data from one provider to another.

3. Task Management:

The Task Management Libraries are designed to handle background tasks such as securing data storage, calls between adapters, retry logic, pagination management, rate limiting, individual notification and failure handling. There are a number of task management libraries that help to transfer data between different providers.

Importance of Data Transfer Project

data transfer project logo

There are numerous reasons why users want to transfer data from one service provider to another. DTP is designed to make it easier for customers to interact with their data as much as they want. Direct-data transfer is managed by the receiving service provider without the need for the customer to see the DTP branding or infrastructure at all. Here are some of the examples of how service-to-service portability is important:

  1. Users what to be able to initiate data transfer directly from a social media platform to their phone book services.
  2. Users, who may not agree with the privacy policy of a particular music service provider, would want to stop it immediately but may not want to lose their playlist. All they want is to transfer to another music service provider.
  3. Customers may want to export data from legacy providers who are going out of business to large and stable companies without having to worry about data format issues.
  4. Users working on architectural projects may want to transfer all files to shared storage systems where clients can access them. DTP is designed to allow such users to transfer hundreds of large project files without straining their bandwidth.

Why do we need Data Transfer Project

Many companies are adding functionalities of downloading data into their system. Such functionalities are great steps toward empowering users to be able to control their data fully. However, implementation of data download functionalities has its own shortcomings that include the following:

Low bandwidth: downloading and uploading data can be time-consuming if you have low bandwidth. This sometimes makes DTP too expensive and often impractical to implement.

Incompatible Formats: various companies have come up with unique data structures, which are in machine-readable form. These data formats are not compatible with one another making it hard for users to re-import back data that had been imported.

Discoverability: sometimes it is very hard to discover the data service providers that allow data transfers.

Data Transfer Project work to solve these problems and make it easier for users to transfer data directed from one service provider to another. They are working to ensure that the burden of bandwidth and compatibility is solved by the service providers and not users. There is also the alternative approach of DTP that proposes that each service provider build direct transfer capabilities.

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ProgrammingTrending Topics

5 Best Programming Languages For Job-seeker Programmers

programmers play video games

With more than a hundred programming languages in use today, only a few of them can change the trajectory of your career. Learning a new language only for it to fade away after a couple of years has significant negative implications on your career. Much like the dinosaurs, your skills become quickly outdated and unusable. Employment opportunities will be far in between, leaving you in a not-so-enviable situation of chasing after all sorts of work in the IT field.

Top 5 Programming Languages For JobSeekers

Learning an in-demand programming language, on the other hand, not only places you in well ahead of the pack, but employers will be falling over themselves to hire you. As a matter of fact, you might go on to become the next big name in the technology industry as these languages have a long and successful track record.

Here are 5 best programming languages every aspiring programmer must learn to be viable in the job market.

1. Java

Best Java programming courses

The official Java website claims that more than three billion devices run Java today. That makes the language one of the most ubiquitous programming language in the world.

One reason why Java is so popular is due to its maturity. James Gosling, while working at Sun Microsystems (now Oracle Corporation), introduced Java to the world in 1995. It quickly gained a strong user base owing to its simplicity as a high-level language and ability to deploy across various devices without recompilation of the source code.

Java comes with a runtime engine, dubbed the Java Virtual Machine (JVM) which allows any Java program or a program compiled into Java bytecode to execute on a computer with JVM installed. That means you can write a Java application and have it running on a mobile device, desktop, car, fridge, or a litany of devices with JVM installed.

Moreover, Java supports multithreading, networking, and Unicode without the need for external libraries. That makes the language a powerful tool for computations that are network intensive or requiring complex analysis of data. For that reason, Java is one of the most popular languages in big data processing packages such as Hadoop and Apache Spark. You might already know big data and cluster computing are some of the most lucrative technology fields today. Learning Java places you on the fast track to etching your name in these fields.

Read: 5 Best Programming Courses For Aspiring Java Programmers

Lastly, new iterations of Java are backward compatible. That means a piece of code you wrote a few years later will work without having to recompile it years down the line, reducing the cost of code maintenance.

2. Python

python is the fastest growing programming language

Python is another language that’s been around long enough to mature into an efficient and productive platform for developing computer applications.

The program was implemented in 1989 by Guido van Rossum as the successor of the ABC language. Over the last decade, Python has transformed into one of the fastest-growing programming languages with major technology companies such as Google using it in their core products.

One of the main factors that propelled Python into mass popularity is its readability and flexibility. Python statements are as close to English as you can get with a computer programming language. That makes it one of the easiest programs for beginners to learn, hence reducing software production timeframes.

Another aspect of Python that has made it a popular programming language is the fact that it comes with batteries included. If you want to develop a website, Python has the Django framework that has made stunning websites such as Instagram and YouTube possible. If you want to make artificial neural networks for deep learning, the TensorFlow or Theano libraries are more than enough.

All these libraries and conveniences have made Python the go-to language for the financial and medical industry meaning you might work in these fields after you learn Python.

3. JavaScript


The internet as you know it would not have been possible without JavaScript. From humble beginnings as the engine for the Netscape Navigator web browser, JavaScript made the development of dynamic and interactive front-end web development possible.

Since then, JavaScript has secured its place as one of the core Internet technologies. Almost every website today uses JavaScript. That means, if you learn JavaScript, you will never be out of a job as long as the demand for new websites continues.

Also, Read: Top 5 Best Modern JavaScript Frameworks for Web and App Development

Moreover, JavaScript made the transition from websites to desktop applications through the Node.js runtime engine. JavaScript applications are now poised to take over the desktop application space, and even the smartphone space in the near future.

4. PHP


PHP, much like JavaScript, emerged as a web programming language that made dynamic websites possible. As a server-side scripting language, PHP has made it possible to deliver dynamic content from a database to users for a fraction of the price.

Websites such as Facebook, Yahoo, and Wikipedia use PHP due to its simplicity, its open source license, and interoperability with different platforms. For new programmers, PHP offers a low entry barrier because it is both simple to learn and accessible freely.

A considerable number of websites use PHP for server-side logic and scripting, and the rising popularity of content management systems (CMS) based on PHP, learning the language means you will never be short of work.

5. C#


C# might be the last program on the list, but that does not mean it is any bit less important than the other languages on this list.

Over the years, the language gained more functionalities and capabilities, making it a veritable rival to popular programming languages. C# brings the best of C and C++ languages to the modern world allowing for rapid development of Microsoft Windows applications and games.

Moreover, the language is fast replacing other server-side languages for developing web applications that run on Windows servers. It comes with an extensive library that makes it a popular and in-demand language for both developers and employers alike.

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Growing Tech Industries You Might Want to Invest in Right Now


If you’re keen to invest in a new business over the coming months, there are plenty of sectors to consider: automotive, agriculture, energy, construction, etc. etc.. However, with the continual development of technology, it’s worth keeping an eye on trends and on the latest industries growing right now, and which will into the future, due to advances in technology. Read on for some investment areas to consider today.

Food E-commerce


One of the big industries developing right now is food e-commerce. While online sales have grown enormously over the past decade or so when it comes to clothing, books, gifts and other consumer goods, fast consumables have still been purchased mostly in traditional brick-and-mortar stores. This is rapidly changing.

Now that consumers are comfortable with and understand e-commerce, there is much more interest in purchasing groceries and other food items over the net. In addition, with increasing time poverty and long working hours, the convenience of having food delivered to the door is winning over more and more shoppers.

Another reason why this field is growing is that there is better distribution available. Today, it’s easier for businesses to get foodstuff from warehouses to customers’ homes and/or workplaces. Plus, there’s growing interest in a niche, gourmet ingredients, which often aren’t found in traditional grocery stores. This stems in large part from all the specific, unusual ingredients gourmands learn about from cuisine-based reality TV shows, plus blogs, Instagram, and other social media sites.

AR and VR

growing tech industries VR

Augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) are also skyrocketing. The successful launch of the Pokemon Go app showed businesses just how much can come from combining tech, gamification, stories and more. The market is ready for AR and VR, so this sector of tech is growing.

Based on information released in one report, the global augmented reality industry is predicted to be worth a massive $134 billion by 2021, while the virtual reality market is set to reach $75 billion in the same time frame. Over the last few years, AR has mostly been used on tablets, smartphones, and apps. However, soon it will become more commonplace in the design of hardware components. For instance, it is predicted to be used in displays, sensors, input devices, processors, contact lenses and many other products.

As for VR, headsets have been quite popular with gamers for some time, but the technology is moving into other areas. For example, we should see it being integrated into education, digital marketing, safety testing, therapy services, job training and many other industries.

Auto Tech

growing tech industries autotech

Over the last few months, there seem to be articles published almost every week about the advancements happening in the world of auto tech. This sector is booming at the moment, particularly when it comes to self-driving technology.

Big tech behemoths such as Tesla and Google have already invested in the industry, and many other firms are hopping on board too. As a result, autonomous vehicles are a key development and likely to be everywhere on the roads in a matter of years — if not months.

Billions of dollars are being invested in auto tech because of its many benefits, for both individual consumers and companies. For example, roads will likely be safer once computers are controlling cars instead of humans since most accidents are caused by human error. Plus, driverless vehicles enable people to use their commute times to work, make phone calls and otherwise be more productive.

For businesses, financial savings are key since firms should be able to save on wages they’d normally spend on drivers handling deliveries. Furthermore, with autonomous vehicles plugging into the internet to choose routes, they can look ahead and discover where there’s traffic congestion or other issues on the roads. In turn, this leads to time savings and petrol savings.

Content Marketing


Content marketing continues to grow thanks to technology. For a number of years, many organizations have focused on content creation due to rankings on Google and other search engines, and today’s tech advances mean content can be used to achieve other great results.

For example, due to Big Data, analytics and software programs, companies can personalize their content to best suit different target markets and a range of marketing avenues. This, in turn, means they get better click-through rates and conversions. Tech-based content is today much more interactive, which enables two-way communication between shoppers and firms.

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ProgrammingTech TermsTrending Topics

Everything a Programmer need to know about GIT and SVN

git and svn

Git and SVN Explained

Git is a Distributed Revision Control System and SVN (Apache Subversion) is a Centralized Revision Control System. The usage of Git has increased making distributed version control systems popular. According to few reports in the past, Git has outshined SVN as a Version Control System (VCS).

Also, read:  5 Best Github Alternatives for Programmers and Developers

Differences Between Git and SVN Explained

  • Git repository is stored locally within the .git. The dev can work anytime even with a poor internet connection.
  • Git’s active feature work is developed in separate branches whereas SVN’s active feature work is developed within subdirectories under branches.
  • In Git the code stores the content as metadata, but when coming to SVN it stores content as files.
  • Git does not have a global revision no and SVN’s revision no. is a snapshot of source code at the particular point of time.
  • The branches in Git are used every day and a core concept by every user. In Subversion, they are bulkier and often used carefully.

When looking at the differences between Git and SVN we can see Git has pros than SVN. But Git has few cons too. Learning Git is not easy initially compared to SVN. Another thing is if the Developer on a particular project has worked with centralized VCS, they might have to notice some slowdowns. Few GUI applications will make Developer’s life easier and, they also offer command line interface if in case extra advanced commands are required.

Below is the complete breakdown of Subversion vs. Git both Myths and Facts explained clearly. Check below:

Differences Between Git and SVN Explained

The above snippets are taken Check the website for more information about Subversion vs Git. Let us know your thoughts in the comments section below about Git and SVN. What do you prefer and why?

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Difference between Google’s Chrome and Chromium Browser?

chrome vs chromium

Difference between Chrome and Chromium

Most of us use Chrome on daily basis at work and home on PC and mobiles for browsing the internet. But lately, Chromium has been trending in many sectors. Today let us see how it is different from Chrome and What exactly is Chromium.

As most of them are aware Chrome is a web browser developed by Google. Chromium is an open-source web-browser project started by Google.

Chrome and Chromium both share most of the same code with similar features and but has different licensing, updates and other options.

Also, read Tips on how to rank videos in Google and YouTube for video SEO.

Chrome vs Chromium

  • Google Chrome has colorful logo whereas Chromium has a blue logo.
  • Google Chrome reports a crash if the options are turned on, Chromium never reports any of the crashes.
  • In Chrome, user metrics are reported if it’s ON, user metrics are never reported to developers or to anyone.
  • Chrome supports audio and video codecs like AAC, H.264, MP3, Opus, Theora, Vorbis, VP8, VP9, and WAV, Chromium supports audio and video codecs like Opus, Theora, Vorbis, VP8, VP9, and WAV by default
  • Google Chrome is tested by Google Chrome Developers, but Chromium Code might be changed or modified by distributions.
  • Google Chrome and Chromium browser both have Sandbox support. In Google, Chrome sandbox is always enabled. In Chromium, few Linux distributions may disable the Sandbox option.

Also Read: Difference between various open-source software licenses

How safe is Chromium privacy wise?

It is rumored that Google Chrome tracks our data and our user metrics for many purposes. Talking about Chromium, as Chromium is an open-source web-browser project started by Google. Google will know your IP address when you open the browser and start using it, few of the developers who researched Chromium proved that Chromium does not send your data and queries to Google except your IP address unless and until you login into your Google accounts.

Chrome or Chromium: Which one to use?

By now you must be aware what is Chrome and Chromium and how do they work. It is pretty much straight if you want to access the internet at an office or home for work purpose it is better to use Chrome as it is stable and easy to use. If you really don’t want anyone to track or know your data it is safe to use Chromium.

Bonus Tip: If you really don’t want anyone to track you or know your queries it is always good to use VPN’s.

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ProgrammingTrending Topics

5 Ways For Programmers to Keep Up with the Latest Technology

Useful tools for programmers

It is always an important task not only for the programmer but everyone to stay updated and know whats going around them. Professionals, who are more into technology and programming should always keep an eye on the news and updates because technology is always changing and the change is rapid.

To take advantage of updates and be the first to learn new things happening around the technology and programming, you need to follow few steps that help to stay connected with updates. In this article, I picked up few ways that assist not only programmers but everyone to ping the current flash news passing through the internet.

5 best ways to programmers to stay updated

1. Google Alerts and News

Everyone is aware that Google is one of the best learning resource ever. It provides different forms of services to its users almost for free. A couple of tools such as Google Alerts and Google News, with any doubt powerful and handy virtual equipment for the people who are willing to stay updated in their professions. In the same way, it also assists programmers to stay connected with the technology, programming, and more.

Google Alerts provides alerts based on your registered keywords in a selected timely basis. You have to sign up with your Gmail account to receive alerts.

Google News works similar to Google Search Engine, all you need to do is type a keyword to retrieve the list of news results.

2. Reddit

Reddit is the front page of the Internet. We all are in the misconception that Reddit is more about cats and porn. However, you only come to know the power of Reddit once you become a pro using it. Spend some time on it then, surely one day it becomes primary source to find anything that keeps publishing on the Internet.

To start with Reddit and filter your favorite juice, first create an account and remove all default subreddits. Now, search and follow the technology keywords, programming stuff, and any other requirements for the regular updates.

Few of the Reddit communities for programmers to get started

  • /r/programming: programming
  • /r/technology: Technology
  • /r/web_design: web_design
  • /r/javascript: JavaScript
  • /r/webdev: webdev: reddit for web developers

3. StackOverflow

StackOverflow is one of the largest programming communication, where beginners to experts question, answer, learn, and share their knowledge. We know that people often be too lazy to try something themselves, so they often copy and paste the code. If you think that StackOverflow is only for copying and pasting then, you are looking at its full potential. You can always learn new things about programming and technologies browsing the hottest. It will help you learn things at the same time allows you to engage with the platform. To stay close and be keen to learn regularly about stuff then, sign-up for the platform and continue using it.

4. GitHub Trending

GitHub is almost known to every programmer because of its powerful repositories and innovative integrations. Also, Github has the largest and active community tends to contribute to the open-source projects regularly. Github also consists of the page called Github Trending which allows its visitors to learn new things about repositories and developers. It offers filters to users to easily search for their required topics. This is also one of the best ways for programmers to stay updated about things happening in their craft.

5. Follow Social Media Pages

Following technology, programming, & popular company pages, and also prominent people on Twitter is another way of keeping your sight on what’s happening around you. A lot of people like to share events, news, and facts on the social media regularly that will reach to the wide audience. I would say this is the quick media to learn things fast and stay updated. To continue using social media for updates, the programmers need to sign-up or sign-in and search for the media pages and tap on Follow/Subscribe button. That’s it! you will receive every post shared by them.

Do you find any other ways to stay updated on programming/technology? If you stuck with anyone, the comment section is always open for you.

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ProgrammingTop ListsTrending Topics

Top 5 Low-code Development Platforms for App Developers


As an expectation from the current trend, there will be nearly 2.5 billion smartphone users on the globe by 2019. So, the demand for apps is inevitable and rises bar-by-bar each year. There is almost everyone familiar with apps and its functionalities on daily basis.

Nowadays, the modern business environment adopting Software-as-a-service (SaaS) apps to provide uninterrupted on-demand service for its customers. However, there are a lot companies running their business entirely using apps. The operations like project tracking, collaboration with co-workers, hiring, managing, communication with employees, and almost every process are running through apps.

So, the apps are becoming more prominent solutions for solving any type of problems. To solve the problems and replace the manual operations process in the organizations, apps are becoming the go-to tools. To take advantage of apps in this app-centric world, businesses are shifting to low-code development platforms.

What is low-code development platforms?

Low-code developments allow the developers to quickly design, build, customize, and deploy business apps with little to no coding. It provides customizable tools that help the users to develop the apps according to their requirements. The tools are incorporated with interfaces that offer drag-and-drop facilities for building highly functional and operational apps. This will facilitate businesses to build and deploy apps within hours.

Features of Low-code development tools are

  • Visual Development and Modeling tools
  • App Store
  • Full App Lifecycle Support
  • Cloud-Native Deployment
  • Drag and Drop Interfaces
  • Instant Mobility
  • Declarative tools
  • Security and Scalability

Top 5 Featured Low-Code Development Platforms


Appian is a low-code and Business Process Management (BPM) platform that helps various business to quicken their operations. The platform makes simple and faster business innovations, therefore it is known as digital transformation jet fuel. It uses low-code capabilities and features to process the innovative business applications.


Mendix is founded in 2005, known as one of the leading low-code software platforms. Mendix integrates all the tools at one place to build, test, deploy, and iterate applications. The platform is based on visual and model-driven software development. Recently, the platform performed enhancements for multi-channel app development and mobile application development.


Outsystems is also a low-code platform that allows users to build applications visually, integrate to existing software, and to add code when needed. The platform is built in a way that users can develop apps within minutes. With the help of Outsystems, the users can build native mobile service apps, B2C mobile banking apps, web portals, and sales & service field apps. This platform also rated as #1 low-code development platform due to Unbeatable speed, Integration with everything, Great UX by default, Built-in security and a lot.

Quick Base

Quick Base stepped into low-code development with the aim to save time and get more done. It leverages developers to build the applications smarter, faster, and simpler. More importantly, Quick Base automates and continuously improve business processes. Not only this, it also solves complex business challenges, saves time and accelerates innovations. Quick Base makes work better with dashboards, workflows, collaboration, customization, and integrations.


Salesforce is a cloud computing platform, recognized as #1 Customer Relationship Management(CRM) platform. Forrester names Salesforce as the leader of low-code app development platforms. This platform evolved over years as a customer-centric platform that is constantly innovating new ways to the customers. Developments like Lightening, Salesforce1, mobile SDKs, and Heroku all help customers connect with their customers using mobile apps. Salesforce also adopting the technologies like AI, IoT, and blockchain to integrate with its low-code development platforms to drive more innovative solutions.

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Top 5 career options for Blockchain developers and programmers

blockchain programmer

There is a lot of talk about Blockchain and cryptocurrencies in the space of technology. Many companies and startups are growing day-by-day making Blockchain as their driving force. Trends suggesting that it is one of the technologies in the fourth industrial revolution that evolve, innovate, and incorporate.

It is also said to be the people are showing a lot more interest in Blockchain, the investments are surging to peeks. As a result, Organizations, Companies, Startups, and Businesses are lacking huge skill gap for creating and implementing blockchain technologies. Due to this, there are many opportunities pouring for the blockchain enthusiasts to make a career out of this fascinating technology. In this article, I come up with five best career options in the space of blockchain.

Here are the 5 career options for Blockchain programmers and developers

1. Blockchain intern

Blockchain intern is the first step for the people who are willing to start a blockchain technical career. This is the best opportunity for programmers and developers to begin to work on blockchain technologies. A startup or an established company will be the first choice for getting a blockchain internship. Many companies offer entry-level or fresher positions to the beginner blockchain enthusiasts. The technical skills required for interns are NodeJS, CSS and HTML, Java, C++, React, Solidity, Truffle, Go, and APIs.

The blockchain intern will work on:

  • Private blockchains
  • Software solutions for blockchains
  • Distributed ledger technologies

3. Blockchain developer

There are different institutions like financial companies, banks, government organizations, insurance, and technology companies adopting blockchain technologies. So, the blockchain developer is will be the hot career opportunity for many graduates and expert developers. Various companies want to cram blockchain technology for providing better service to the clients. This can only be achieved by the developers who create best programs using the technical skills Javascript, Node.js, Jquery, SOAP, REST, MYSQL, Neural-networks, Regression, Agile Scrum, C, C++, and more

Blockchain Developers needs to work on:

  • Public and Private blockchains
  • Blockchain Use cases
  • Need to create distributed ledgers
  • Create software for blockchain technology

3. Blockchain quality engineer

Quality engineer is the responsible professionals in the field of Information Technology, even blockchain need its support. These people who need to look after the quality of blockchain development environment. The people good at implementing automation frameworks and tests, manual testing, and dashboard support are best suitable for this role. These professionals are also responsible for planning and delivery of complex blockchain projects.

Blockchain quality engineers will perform:

  • Research about tools, technologies, and test automation methods.
  • Perform new test automation strategies
  • Develop and apply Quality Assurance tests

4. Blockchain designer

Due to rise in blockchain startups and businesses, there will be the requirement of designers who can design websites and apps for spreading a word to customers and clients about blockchain services and technologies. The UI/UX designers, graphic designers, and video designers in the blockchain space are the top opportunities for designers. Most of the blockchain designers need to come up with the technical skills like HTML, CSS, Javascript, Jquery, Bootstrap, React, Swift, Sketch, PS, Figma, and more.

Blockchain Designers generally perform:

  • Designing web pages and app pages for new blockchain companies
  • Create graphic content to spread the information in blockchain space
  • Need to create a good user interface for effective marketing

5. Blockchain engineer

If you are capable of implementing various services using blockchain technologies, then blockchain engineer role is for you. There is a lot of demand for blockchain engineer opportunities. He is the person who can develop and engineer digital services for the companies by creating and implementing blockchain solutions. The high demand skills for blockchain engineer are Java, Hyperledger, fabric, ripple, solidity, Oracle, Identity, Python, and bitcoin.

Blockchain engineer is required to:

  • Study the technology needs of the companies
  • Create the applications that meet blockchain business needs
  • Build an infrastructure to use  ethereum and bitcoin

It is not the end of opportunities for blockchain enthusiasts, there are a lot of other roles to come in near future which help the blockchain technology grow extensively.

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ProgrammingTrending Topics

Rust is the Most Loved Programming Language in 2018

rust most loved programmming language 2018

The new systems programming language, Rust is receiving more unconditional love from the developers. According to the Stack Overflow developer survey, three years in a row (i.e., in the year 2016, 2017, and 2018) – Rust is the most loved programming language. On the other hand, it also stood on the top ten most wanted languages in the world. As a result, the language’s popularity is growing each year and there is a rise in increasing number of programmers using Rust.

Image source: Stack Overflow Developer Survey 2018

Why programming showing more love with Rust?

Rust has first appeared in 2010 which is completely sponsored by Mozilla Research. It is an open-source systems programming language describes as a safe, concurrent, practical, functional, imperative, and procedural language. The language is refined from the experiences of writing the servo web browser layout engine and the Rust compiler.

Its syntax is similar to C++ but provides better performance and security. Also, provides various tools for the novice developers to start shipping code fast. Over 35 countries, it has almost 90 user groups and developer community that commits to the continuous development of the project.

Also Read: 6 New Programming Languages you should get to know

A snippet of ‘Hello World!’ program in Rust

fn main() {
println!(“Hello World!”);

Moreover, Rust language runs blazingly fast, prevents segfaults, and guarantees thread safety. It also consists of following features that let Rust as one of the most powerful systems programming languages.


  • zero-cost abstractions
  • move semantics
  • guaranteed memory safety
  • threads without data races
  • trait-based generics
  • pattern matching
  • type inference
  • minimal runtime
  • efficient C bindings

Which Companies are using Rust other than Mozilla?

There are many companies showing interest to develop their projects using Rust programming language. Figma, a real-time multiplayer syncing server is written in Rust. Here is a testimonial on the language by Even Wallace, CTO of Figma.

“We chose Rust for this rewrite because it combines best-in-class speed with low resource usage while still offering the safety of standard server languages. Low resource usage was particularly important to us because some of the performance issues with the old server were caused by the garbage collector”.

Added to this, there are many companies like Coursera, Snapview, DropBox, npm, Autumn, 1aim, Telenor digital, Wire, CoreOS, Atlassian and others use Rust for various applications.

Want to learn Rust? Here’s the official documentation of the language. You can also learn from the Rust ‘The book‘.

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SecurityTrending TopicsTricks and Tutorials

How to download your data from social media sites?

Download social media data

Social media giant Facebook has received a lot of backslashes after revealing its connection with data breach scandal. The political analytics firm Cambridge Analytica has collected more than 87 million users personal information through Facebook developers tools which are open to everyone. As a result, Cambridge Analytica used this information for many bad campaigns.

This Facebook’s debacle made everyone to question their security and privacy on the internet and especially on social media sites. Because of this, Facebook has started rolling out new features to get back trust among the users and curb the controversy. One of such feature which grabbed the attention of many users is “Download Data”.

This feature allows everyone to download their data such as photos, videos, likes, shares, comments, etc., to offline. So, it helps them to recheck their activities on the social media site. This feature has impressed other social media sites as well – so everyone following Facebook footsteps to cram the “Download Data” feature into their site/application.

The other social media sites like Instagram and Twitter has included the feature for their users. Even the search engine giant, Google also brought this feature, so it lets the users download the full archive of data from all Google accounts.

Also, read: Facebook’s new ‘hate speech’ button created chaos for a moment

Follow these steps to Download data from different social media sites


  • After opening your Facebook account Go to ‘Settings’
  • Now you can see an option ‘Download your copy’ click it to proceed further
  • Next, it will prompt you to the page that contains a button ‘Create File’, tap it to create a file. You are also allowed to create required data using filters
  • The file which contains your data copy is sent to your registered email address
  • Note that to generate and receive a file to the email takes some time
  • Check your email with subject Facebook and tap the link it consists to download the copy


  • After login to your Instagram account, click on ‘profile’
  • Now it will take you to the profile where you need to click on ‘settings’ at the top right corner
  • It will pop up a menu where you need to choose ‘Privacy and Security’
  • Now, scroll down to ‘Data Download’ and click on ‘Request Data’
  • Next, you need to enter email and password to confirm, then Instagram sends an email to the address you entered where you need to download the copy of your Instagram Data


  • Open your Twitter account by entering Username and Password
  • Now, go to ‘Settings and Privacy’ by clicking on the profile picture at the top right corner, that displays a menu which consists of Settings and Privacy
  • Next, it opens a page with different options on the left side, where you need to choose ‘Your Twitter Data’ option
  • It will take you to the page where you need to confirm your Password to retrieve data
  • Once data is displayed, then you will find a button ‘Request data’, Tap it to receive data to your registered email account. After receiving check your email and download the copy of data
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What is Serverless computing? How is it useful for developers?

serverless computing

Technology is changing at breakneck speed. New concepts are coming in and old concepts are transforming. As a result, there is a lot of shift in the way people work with these technological advancements. And there is one technology that every developer should look is serverless computing. It is a buzz now, all Information technology firms are looking to cram into their organizations. Because it offers plenty of advantages that clearly bring a new set of opportunities.

Serverless will fundamentally change how we build a business around technology and how you code – Simon Wardley

What is Serverless computing?

Everyone thinks the term ‘Serverless’ means not having servers, but it is not like that. The serverless computing means that everyone can build and run application and services without thinking about servers and its implementation and management. So, it is clear that serverless computing has servers but users and developers are unaware of it.

With this fascinating technology, you can build and maintain any type of application and scale it with high availability. Whereas, Serverless computing is implemented on the Serverless architectures which are provided by different vendors such as AWS Lambda, Google Cloud Functions, OpenWhisk, etc.

Also Read: 3 Top Tech Skills in High Demand That Can Change the Future

How Serverless architecture works?

Serverless architecture mainly consists of applications that depend on the services provided by vendors. There are two different serverless services used by vendors:

1.Back-end as a service

Back-end as a service is the cloud computing model works that provide developers to connect web and mobile applications to cloud via Application Programming Interface. This acts as a middleware connect between the front-end to cloud back-end. Here developers don’t require to think about back-end, because it is served as service by the provider.

2.Functions as a service

Building an application using this model is one way of achieving a serverless architecture that is mainly used when building microservice applications. Here developers only depend on a block of code or business logic that is executed when it is required. This service totally avoids the complexity of building and maintaining the infrastructure. This service also costs as ‘Pay-as-you-go’.

Why Serverless computing?

The prior technology offers many drawbacks compared to the new serverless technology.

  • The applications were written and run on servers that are fixed resources, due to this it cannot handle the on-demand traffic when the requests heavily poured in.
  • Most of the time CPU remains idle because the server is busy with networking and I/O requests.

Serverless Computing vendors

AWS Lambda, introduced by Amazon in 2014, was the first public cloud vendor with an abstract serverless computing offering. AWS Lambda initially supported only Node.js. It now supports Python, Java, C# and Go, and code written in other languages can be invoked indirectly via Node.js.

Google Cloud Platform offers Google Cloud Functions, which supports Node.js by now.

IBM has published OpenWhisk as an open source serverless platform. OpenWhisk includes native support for Node.js, Python, Java, and Swift, and supports other languages and runtime via Docker containers.

Microsoft Azure offers Azure Functions, which is offered both in the Azure public cloud or on-premises via Azure Stack.

How developers benefit from serverless computing?

Developers can choose freedom with the serverless computing, it has a lot of benefits for coders and programmers. They can build an application without worrying about the infrastructure of the platforms. Developers can focus on their core product and spent time on producing better quality products. They can absolutely avoid worrying about managing and operating servers or runtimes on cloud or on-premises. It is the duty of the providers to automate the infrastructure tasks from the context of the developers.

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Top 10 Popular Programming Languages and their Creators

top 10 programming languages and their creators

Sometimes, when something becomes so popular, we tend to forget the people behind it over time. For an instance, a song. We know the lyrics as well as the one who sang it but a composer who really did the song is forgotten. Just like in programming languages, you know what they are called, what they do but do you really know who invented them? Now is the time to look back to the top 10 popular programming languages and their creators.

1. Python – Guido van Rossum

Python – Guido van Rossum

Guido van Rossum was a Dutch programmer born January 31 January 1956. He is known as the author of the Python programming language which was initially released in 1991. The design philosophy that embodies Python emphasizes the code readability using significant whitespace. It also provides constructs that enable a clear programming on both small and large scales.

2. Ruby – Yukihiro Matsumoto

Yukihiro Matsumoto - ruby

Ruby was developed by Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto,  a computer scientist and software programmer. It is an object-oriented, general-purpose programming language that was developed in the mid-1990s in Japan. Matz was born on the 14th day of April 1965. Matsumoto is the Chief Architect of Ruby at Heroku as of 2011. It is an online cloud platform-as-a-service in San Francisco.

3. Java – James Gosling

James-Gosling- java

James Arthur Gosling was born on May 19, 1955. He is a Canadian computer scientist who is best known as the founder and lead designer behind the Java programming language. Java is a general-purpose computer programming language. It is class-based and object-oriented. It is specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.

4. C – Dennis Ritchie

Facts about Dennis ritchie

C is a general-purpose and imperative computer programming language designed by Dennis Ritchie. Dennis MacAlistair Ritchie was born on September 9, 1941, and died on October 12, 2011, at the age of 70 years old. He was an American computer scientist known to have a great share in the field of computer science. He was the head of Lucent Technologies System Software Research Department when he retired in 2007 and the “R” in K&R C.

Also Read: Five Facts about Dennis Richie – The Inventor of C Language

5. C++ – Bjarne Stroustrup

brajne -c++

Bjarne Stroustrup was born on December 30, 1950. He is a Danish computer scientist who created and developed the widely used C++ programming language. Stroustrup is a visiting professor at Columbia University and a Managing Director in Morgan Stanley New York.

C++ first appeared in 1985. It is a general-purpose programming language that has imperative, object-oriented and generic programming features. It also provides facilities for low-level memory manipulation.

Also Read: C vs C++, Which Programming language is better?

6. PHP – Rasmus Lerdorf

Rasmus_Lerdorf php

Rasmus Lerdorf, a Danish-Canadian programmer was born on the 22nd of November 1968. He was the one who created the PHP scripting language. He authored the first two versions of the language. Furthermore, he still participates in the development of later versions led by a group of developers including Jim Winstead, Stig Bakken, Shane Caraveo, Andi Gutmans, and Zeev Suraski.

PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor is a server-side scripting language which is not only designed for web development but also used as a general-purpose programming language in 1994.

Also Read: 20 Interesting facts about PHP every developer should know

7. Perl – Larry Wall

Larry Wall
Image source:

Larry Wall is an American computer programmer and author born on September 27, 1954.  He was the one who created the Perl programming language.

Perl is a high-level, general-purpose, interpreted and dynamic programming language.

8. JavaScript – Brendan Eich


JavaScript first appeared on December 4, 1995. It is a high-level, interpreted programming language developed by Brendan Eich. JavaScript is also characterized as dynamic, weakly typed, prototype-based and multi-paradigm.

Brendan Eich was born on July 4, 1961. He is the American technologist who developed JS.  He also co-founded the Mozilla project, Mozilla Foundation, and Mozilla Corporation. He was then served as the Mozilla Corporation’s chief technical officer and briefly its chief executive officer.

Also Read: Java Vs JavaScript – Why is JavaScript called JavaScript?

9. Pascal – Niklaus Wirth

pascal inventor

Pascal is an imperative and procedural programming language developed by Niklaus Wirth. He is a Swiss computer scientist born on the 15th day of February 1934.

10. Lisp – John McCarthy

John maccarthy

John McCarthy was an American computer scientist and cognitive scientist born on September 4, 1927, and died on October 24, 2011. He was one of the founders of the discipline of artificial intelligence and developed the Lisp programming language family,

Lisp is a family of computer programming languages with a long history and a distinctive, fully parenthesized prefix notation that first appeared in 1958.

Also Read: 5 Best Programming Languages for Artificial Intelligence Systems

Behind every successful programming language is a man or a woman behind it. Let us celebrate their discoveries and be thankful for their contribution to the field of computer science.

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SyntaxDB – A Powerful search engine for programmers

syntax DB

Searching for something on Google is the most common thing everybody does. It provides a vast range of results in less than a second. Almost everyone from any profession uses the Google search engine for knowing things and accessing information. However, Programmers are no different, they also rely on Google search engine when stuck with syntax or concept in any of the coding language.

But, many programmers feel Google is not the perfect search engine to search for something about coding. Due to Google’s capability of retrieving many results, there is confusion in deciding the exact concept. So, to help the programmers with this and tackle the unambiguity – SyntaxDB will be the solution.

What is SyntaxDB?

It is a kind of Google Search engine but only for programmers. This offers any information related to computer languages such as syntax and explanation within the fingertips. Syntax Database is introduced by Anthony Nguyen with the intention of providing clear syntax of programming languages.

Also Read: 10 Coding Games To Level Up Our Programming Skills

SyntaxDB is aimed to become world’s fastest programming reference. SyntaxDB currently supports 9 programming languages such as Java, C, C++, C#, Python, Ruby, JavaScript, Swift, and Go. And more languages are able to cram into the database soon.

How to search using SyntaxDB?

You need to follow these steps to get the syntax or concept from the 9 coding languages.

  • Visit the official website SyntaxDB, a home page of SyntaxDB opens with a simple and easy interface including with a search tab

  • Give an input related to programming languages. For Example, Exception handling in Ruby and hit ‘Go’. This will display Syntax, Notes, and Examples of the concept.

SyntaxDB offers more

SyntaxDB not only settled as a search engine but also cramming into different tools to offer more for the programmers at everywhere and anytime. It is integrated into DuckDuckGo search engine, Slack, and Visual Studio.

With integration with SyntaxDB, DuckDuckGo offers instant programming syntax at the top of the search results when programmers ask about coding. On the other side, It also integrated as a Slack channel which is named as ‘Syntax bot’ and as a plugin ‘Syntax Lookup’ for Visual Studio to help coders with instant syntax.

Here you can add the channel to Slack and plugin for Visual Studio.

Images Courtesy: Screenshots

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Google Launches a Free Game App For Programmers

google coding fun app for programmers 3

A learning resource from the space of Google is always an excitement for students and its users. Recently, it has released Machine learning crash course for free with the intention that everyone should know about the next wave of technologies. Today, Google has launched another gamified coding app called ‘Grasshopper‘. Google’s in-house start-up incubator Area 120 has become a home for the mobile app ‘Grasshopper’. Previously, Uptime and Supersonic apps were developed here.

However, the app Grasshopper is developed by a team of Google employees and it’s available for both Android and iOS. It is a gamified app that consists of coding games and a lot of fun.

More about the ‘Grasshopper’ app

Coming to the app, it teaches the basics programming by solving simple challenges and answering quiz questions. The app is stunning and seamless that is suitable for anyone who is willing to learn. This beautifully designed app will help you learn to program very soon.

The mobile application is named after programming pioneer Grace hopper which designed for learning code in a fun way. At the moment it includes three sets of lessons(functions, using variables, and objects) with the animations.

google coding fun app for programmers 2

This app is the best way to connect with coding in the form of games and challenges. It also notifies the users daily to complete challenges and quiz this help to spend few minutes on the coding regularly.

Also read: 5 Best Websites By Google for Programmers and Developers

Every time after completing the content on the Grasshopper app, it recommends users to take Coursera classes to upgrade their skill in Javascript, HTML, CSS, Algorithms, and web design. You need to pay the fee for this courses. Not only this, you can also learn from the alternative courses offered by edx and FreeCodeCamp for free.

Don’t waste time to learn code – take initiative, get Grasshopper here on Google Play & iTunes.

Image credits: google play and grasshopper website.

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Top 5 Most Useful Linux tools for Programmers

linux tools for programmers

Linux is a free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel. It typically packaged in a form known as a Linux distribution for both desktop and server use. It is a great development environment for programmers and developers. However, without the development tools, that would be impossible. Fortunately, plenty of Linux tools are available. Here are the top 5 most useful Linux tools for programmers.

Also read our article: 10 Reasons why Linux is better for programmers and developers.

5 Most Useful Linux tools for Programmers

1. VIM

vim editor-compressed

VIM is a free and open source software written by Bram Moolenaar in 1991. It is designed for use both from a command-line interface and as a standalone application in a graphical user interface. It comes standard with almost every Linux distribution and is also known as “the programmer’s editor”. VIM is great for coding and can also be used for editing things like configuration files and XML documents.

Vim has been developed to be a cross-platform that supports many other platforms. In 2006, it was voted as the most popular editor amongst Linux Journal readers. In 2015, Stack Overflow developer survey found it to be the third most popular text editor while in 2016, the Stack Overflow developer survey found it to be the fourth most popular development environment.

You may also like: Top 5 Popular Free Source Code Editors for Programmers

2. Zsh

Zsh is written in C and initially released in 1990. It is a Unix shell that can be used as an interactive login shell and as a powerful command interpreter for shell scripting. Zsh is an extended version of Bourne shell (BASH) with a large number of improvements, including some features of Bash, ksh, and tcsh. Zsh gives a user-friendly experience on the command line. It also gives better auto-completion, Vim key bindings, and smart guesses when you write a command wrong.

Its features include (but not limited to):

  • Programmable command-line completion,
  • Sharing of command history among all running shells
  • Extended file globbing
  • Improved variable/array handling
  • Editing of multi-line commands in a single buffer
  • Spelling correction
  • Various compatibility modes,
  • Themeable prompts, and
  • Loadable modules.

3. Byobu

It was initially released in 2009 written in Sh and Python. Byobu can be used to provide on-screen notification or status and tabbed multi-window management. Thus, it is intended to improve terminal sessions when users connect to remote servers with an operating system Linux and Unix-like. It is is an enhancement for the GNU Screen terminal multiplexer or tmux used with the GNU/Linux computer operating system.

4. GIT

git commands

Git was initially released on April 7, 2005. It is a version control system to track changes in computer files and to coordinate work on those files among multiple people. It is primarily used for source code management in software development and can be used to keep track of changes in any set of files available in the English language. It is aimed at speed, data integrity and support for distributed, non-linear workflows. It is free and open source software distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2.

Moreover, Linus Torvalds was the creator of GIT for the development of the Linux kernel. On the other hand, its current maintainer since then is Junio Hamano. Thus, every Git directory on every computer is a full-fledged repository with complete history and full version tracking abilities, independent of network access or a central server.

You may also Like: Important Git Commands Every Programmer Should Learn

5. Docker

Written by Solomon Hykes in 2013, it is a computer program that performs operating-system-level virtualization, the containerization, which is developed by Docker, Inc. Primarily, Docker was developed for Linux to use as the resource isolation features of the Linux kernel. It is a tool that can package an application and its dependencies in a virtual container that can run on any Linux server. This helps enable the flexibility and portability on where the application can run, whether on premises, public cloud, private cloud, bare metal, etc.  Moreover, it accesses the Linux kernel’s virtualization features either directly using the libcontainer library.

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How to Learn Programming in 6 Months and Get Hired?

startup business people group working as team to find solution

I know the title is jaw-dropping, and you must be thinking about how is it possible? But trust me it’s possible to learn programming in 6 months and become zero to hero as a programmer. There are many people who’ve already done it and proved it to be possible.

Most of the people choose to learn code and aspire to be the part of the industry. On the contrary, to get your hands on programming, people have a lot of misconceptions on the programmers and learning coding skills. If you are able to avoid this disbelief then, you will become an expert coder in 6 months without a doubt.

Two things need to understand about successful programmers

They are self-taught: Most of the successful programmers are self-taught, i.e., they choose a programming language like Python or Java (Python is mostly recommended because it is extremely high-level language) and start learning about its syntax with reference to documentation or ebook. According to 2018’s stack Overflow Survey, more than 86% of programmers taught themselves coding.

They learn more from online: Successful programmers use more online resources, they sign-up for various online courses for coding. Many programmers prefer to learn Full Stack Developer Bootcamp which includes different languages like HTML, CSS, Python, PHP, Java, or SQL.

Myths about Programming and Programmers

  • You maybe thinking it’s not viable to become a coder in 6 months. But you know what, with the on-demand online courses and right strategy will assist you to do it.
  • Many people think best Programmers are the people who started to learn coding at very small age. This myth is okay for some people like Mark Zuckerberg and Elon Musk who started coding at the early age and ended up becoming founders of some giant companies. But it is not applicable for all.
  • People often think if we start coding we need to learn everything about it otherwise we may end up jobless. That’s fairly a false belief, every successful programmer learns elementary 20% of coding and leads to 100% with practice and perseverance.

So, fix your brain by setting the above myths properly and start your journey to achieve coding skills in 6 months.

Let’s start your coding journey

1. Motivate yourself to become a self-taught programmer

This is important, first and foremost motivate yourself to become a self-taught coder. As we discuss above, self-taught programmers are successful and give more options to dive deep into the coding. It will also challenge the coders to research and learn more. Read this article: How to become a good programmer? for self-motivation.

2. Learn HTML and CSS

Just Google it, you will find many resources to learn HTML and CSS online. There are various e-learning sites offering these courses for free and it takes at least 2 weeks to learn completely. Practice few small projects and understand the behavior of the code.

3. Start Javascript, Python (or PHP)

Now, try to pick up Javascript and learn basic syntax. Then, you can start learning other languages like PHP, Python, etc. Take up any online course or use ebook resources to learn these languages. Try to apply the Script to the above HTML and CSS projects to understand the changes.

4. Learn to use StackOverflow and Github

Start using StackOverflow, the community which helps you in any of the coding-related issues. You can find many solutions for the code and errors. Here are a list 5 Best Online Communities for Programmers and Developers.

Build a profile on Github and Start using it. Submit small projects and contribute to open source projects helps you gain more knowledge. Github gives a better understanding of project management and near you to the real-time problems to solve using your coding skills. Here is a list of Top 5 Open Source Projects For Programmers and Developers.

4. Build a portfolio and Linkedin Account

Start creating LinkedIn Profile and connect with people in your domain. Try to be professional in representing profile and sharing content. Buy a domain and set up a website using the HTML, CSS, & javascript which you have learned before. This will give recognition to your skills, So keep it updated and edit if you like to add new skills.

5. Power up your git and command line skills

Try to learn git and command line commands which is very important while developing a project with the team. It will give an added advantage for the coders. Here is a list of Important Git Commands Every Programmer Should Learn.

6. Attend meetups, interviews, and hackathons

Now, start exploring more by attending events on meetups and increase your networking. Try to attend interviews and hackathons as well that will help you in improving your confidence and get hired. Here is a list of Top Programming Contest Websites For Enhancing Your Coding Skills.

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